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How Does a Cleanroom Air Plenum Work?

Cleanroom Air Plenum

Cleanroom Air Plenum

A cleanroom air plenum is an essential component of a cleanroom ventilation system. Located above the cleanroom ceiling, the air plenum serves as a reservoir for filtered air, and distributes filtered, conditioned air evenly throughout the cleanroom space. A cleanroom air plenum works in conjunction with Fan Filter Units (FFUs), which are self-contained units equipped with fans and High-Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA)/Ultra-Low Penetration Air (ULPA) filters. FFUs create and maintain a clean and particle-free environment suitable for activities such as pharmaceutical production, scientific research, and electronic device manufacturing by providing necessary airflow and filtering out particles that could contaminate the cleanroom.

Here is how the cleanroom air plenum and FFUs work together:

  1. Conditioned air is supplied to the air plenum through the main HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) system. The HVAC system draws in outside or recycled air, which is then filtered and conditioned to meet the cleanroom’s specific cleanliness, temperature, and humidity requirements.
  2. FFUs located within the air plenum draw air from the plenum and force it through the high-efficiency filters that are part of the FFU.
  3. Filtered air is then directed downwards into the cleanroom through perforations or vents in the ceiling.
  4. As air enters the cleanroom area, it displaces existing air, pushing it downwards and creating a uniform flow of clean air in the cleanroom.
  5. The displaced air, now containing particles and potential contaminants, is captured through low-level return air grills, and is sent back through the HVAC system or exhausted out.

By employing a cleanroom air plenum and a carefully designed ventilation system, cleanrooms can achieve and maintain the required cleanliness levels necessary for their specific applications where contamination control is critical. The cleanroom air plenum, combined with FFUs and an efficient air conditioning system, helps maintain strict cleanliness standards and provides proper air distribution in cleanroom facilities.

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